Young Adult with Parents

A little-known tax rule to help boost your children's pension

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For those parents who maybe have some spare funds, putting money into their children’s pension will boost the retirement prospects of their offspring. Under current rules, there is also nothing to stop a parent making a contribution into the pension of an adult child. With millions of younger workers having been newly enrolled into a workplace pension, many now have a pension for the first time but many are only making very modest contributions, so a further boost by way of additional contributions can prove very beneficial.

Building a more meaningful retirement pot

An additional contribution from parents early in their working life, benefiting from compound interest as it grows, could help your loved ones to build a more meaningful retirement pot and is money that cannot be touched until later in life.

A campaign was launched in 2019 by one of the pension providers, Royal London to make parents aware of the ‘hidden advantages’ of paying into the pension pot of their adult children. It is a little known fact that a parent who puts money into their child’s pension could be doing them a favour three times over.

Improving long-term financial security 

Firstly, the recipient will get a boost to their retirement pot, including tax relief at the basic rate.  Secondly, recipients who are higher rate taxpayers can claim higher rate tax relief on their parents’ contributions, which will thereby increase their disposable income. And thirdly, recipients affected by the high income child benefit charge can see this penalty reduced because of their parents’ generosity.

Of course not every parent has spare cash to pay in to their children’s pensions of course, but many may be in a better financial position than their children as clearly they are at a different stage of life.  By paying in to their children’s pension, they can therefore give them a triple boost and improve their long-term financial security. Further information around this is provided below.

Recipient receives basic rate tax relief

A little-known feature of the pensions system, however, is that the contribution by the parent is treated as if it had been made by the recipient. So, for example, if a parent pays £800 into their child’s personal pension, the recipient will get basic rate tax relief on the contribution, taking the amount in the pot immediately up to £1,000.

In addition, there are two further benefits to the recipient:

  • If the recipient is a higher-rate taxpayer, he or she can claim higher rate relief on the contribution made by the parent; this would be done through the annual tax return process and would reduce the tax bill of the recipient.
  • If the recipient is affected by the ‘high income child benefit charge’ and is earning in the £50,000-£60,000 bracket or slightly above, the money contributed by the parent is deducted from their income before the high income child benefit charge is worked out, thereby reducing their tax charge; for example, if the recipient is earning £60,000 and therefore faces a child benefit tax charge of 100% of their child benefit amount, a  pension contribution by the parent of £8,000 grossed up to £10,000 by tax relief would reduce the recipient’s income to £50,000 for purposes of the child benefit charge and would therefore completely eliminate the tax charge, under current legislation.

Reducing a future inheritance tax bill

Apart from generally wanting to help their children, parents may also be interested in this idea particularly because they may be up against their own annual limits for pension contributions and may therefore have spare cash. Contributions may also reduce future inheritance tax bills if they qualify for one of the standard exemptions, such as regular gifts made from regular income.

The amount that the parent can contribute with the benefit of pension tax relief is not limited by the parent’s pension tax relief limit but by the limit of their children based on their circumstances – which in many cases will be up to their annual salary or £40,000, whichever is the lower.

Collective wealth to support each other

Intergenerational financial planning is about how families use their collective wealth to support each other during their lifetimes.

At Armstrong Watson, our quest is to help our clients achieve prosperity, a secure future and peace of mind. We are Chartered Independent Financial Advisers. If you are a parent or guardian and would like some advice on saving and investment options for your children or grandchildren, please contact us at help@armstrongwatson.co.uk or call 0808 144 5575 to speak with one of our financial planning consultants near you.


If you would like more information on contributing to your child's pensions or discuss the options available to you and your family, we’d like to hear from you.

Contact Kerry

The deadline for February’s claims is 15 March 2021, so please submit claims to jrs@armstrongwatson.co.uk.