There are a number of tax allowances that can be claimed if certain conditions apply; in some cases these can be transferred to your spouse or civil partner if you are unable to utilise the additional tax relief.
1. Increased personal allowance from age 65.
You will be eligible to apply for an additional personal tax allowance in the tax year in which you reach your 65th birthday. Whether you qualify will depend on your total income in that tax year. Currently if you are under 65 the allowance is £8,105, between 65 and 74 the increased allowance is £10,500 and over 75, £10,660. The additional element will be reduced if your income exceeds £25,400. From 6 April 2013, increased allowances will be restricted to those born before 6 April 1948.
2. Married couple’s allowance.
This allowance is available if at least one spouse, or civil partner, was born before 6 April 1935. The allowance is given as a deduction from your tax bill, so, if you pay no tax it is of no value. However, if your income is not high enough to absorb the additional tax relief you can transfer any balance to your spouse or civil partner. For the tax year 2012-13 the minimum benefit from this allowance will be £296 and the maximum, depending on the level of your income, £770.50.
3. Maintenance payments relief.
It is still possible to claim to reduce your tax bill for maintenance payments you make to your ex-spouse or former civil partner. The conditions are:
The amount of tax relief is the lesser of 10% of the qualifying payments or 10% of the basic married couples allowance. If you receive maintenance payments you will not pay tax on the amount received.
4. Blind person’s allowance.
Blind person's allowance is added to your tax-free personal allowance. For 2012-13 the allowance is £2,100. There are no age related or income restrictions. You can claim it if either of the following applies:
If you are married or in a civil partnership and you don't pay enough tax to use all of the allowance, you can transfer any unused allowance to your husband, wife or civil partner. You can do this regardless of the state of their eyesight.